Poultry on the Farm
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Inc.
Appraisal. Reported very good for (1) giving information about various types of poultry and (2) showing the incubation and hatching of an egg. Found useful in stimulating an interest in poultry. Lithe simplicity of the photography and organization made the film well suited to use in the elementary grades.
Photography and sound are good.
Contents. Characteristics of several types of farm poultry in various stages in their growth.
In early morning the farmer scatters grain near the poultry house. Hens and a rooster eat the grain. A closeup of a hen's beak is accompanied by an explanation of the manner in which a hen digests food which she swallows without chewing. A hen tips her head back as she drinks water. Baby chicks are kept in a brooder house.
Eggs are gathered and placed in an incubator. A closeup of a 7-day-old chick embryo reveals a black spot, the chick's eye. At 19 days, the chick is about ready to come out of its shell. A series of views shows the chick pecking its way out of the shell. Newly hatched chicks are thoroughly dried before being taken to the brooder house. Views of chicks show their development at various ages.
Several ducks are shown swimming in a pond. One sits on a nest of eggs. A mother duck leads her newly hatched ducklings to the pond's edge. An underwater view shows the action of the ducklings' webbed feet in swimming. The mother duck scoops up food from the water in her broad, flat bill, and the ducklings imitate the action. A closeup of the duck's bill shows its ridges, which, the commentator explains, are for the purpose of holding back food while the water drains away. Several views of the ducklings swimming, walking on land, and eating grain accompany the commentator's statement that their feet and beaks are best suited to water
Newly hatched goslings are shown in their nest. In search of food, the baby geese walk down a garden path to the meadow where they eat blades of grass.
A small flock of turkey hens is watched over by a turkey cock. One large flock of turkeys is being fattened for the Thanksgiving market, and another for the Christmas market. As the poultry go to roost for the night, the farmer closes the poultry house door.